Exploring the Different Types of Cyber Attacks

Having a good understanding of the different types of cyber attacks is important for the safety of your information technology (IT) infrastructure. In this article we will discuss some of the most common types of cyber attacks, including email spoofing, DNS spoofing, general phishing, and more.

General phishing

Several different types of cyber attacks are used today. These threats range from malware attachments to social engineering. These attacks are easy to carry out and can pose real risks to any organization. The best way to prevent an attack is to educate users on the risks and use robust cybersecurity systems.

Email phishing is one of the most common types of cyber attacks. The main objective of this attack is to trick recipients into disclosing confidential information. This can include account credentials, personal data and more. In some cases, the recipient will even be asked to make payments. In this case, the attachment may contain malicious code that infects the victim’s device without interaction.

Email spoofing

Using the “spoof” technique, hackers send an email that appears to be sent by a legitimate entity. However, most servers will detect a spoofed email header.

The goal of an email spoofing attack is to trick the victim into divulging private information. This is usually in the form of an attachment or malicious link that can steal data or install unwanted software on the victim’s computer.

The malicious link may also be embedded in an image or logo. This can lead the victim to an impostor website where they can enter their username and password. Once their credentials are collected, the attackers can access the victim’s account and use their personal information for their own purposes.

DNS spoofing

Regardless of whether you’re a technology aficionado or not, you’re probably familiar with Domain Name System (DNS). The system is used to translate domain names to IP addresses, and is a necessary part of the Internet.

There are a number of different types of DNS attacks. However, this article will focus on two of the most common: DNS cache poisoning and DNS spoofing.

A cache poisoning attack is a simple trick that redirects traffic to a malicious website. It does so by altering the information stored in a DNS server’s cache. The end result is a fake website that resembles the original.

DNS spoofing is a bit more complex. It involves the use of a rogue DNS server. In this case, the server re-routes real site IP addresses to malicious ones.

SQL injection

Using SQL injection to retrieve data from a database can lead to serious consequences. A successful attack can put an organization at risk for regulatory fines and unauthorized access to personal information.

In order to perform a successful SQL injection, an attacker must have an exploitable flaw in the target system. He or she can then inject specialized SQL statements into entry fields and then run commands to manipulate the data. An attacker may also modify the query to return additional results.

The WHERE clause in a SELECT query is one of the most common SQL injection vulnerabilities. This is because it allows an attacker to manipulate data without requiring user interaction. The attacker may also be able to manipulate the INSERT and UPDATE commands to modify existing records.

Cross-site request forgery

CSRF or Cross-site Request Forgery is a web application security flaw that can be used to manipulate a user’s activities on a website. Basically, a successful CSRF attack could result in the unauthorized transfer of funds, a change in the username and password, and a host of other damage-causing consequences.

To start, a CSRF attack requires the unsuspecting user to visit a web page and submit a form. The attacker may do this by providing a link in an email or by posting it on a social networking site.

The attacker must be able to trick the user into entering the wrong values in the form. This is possible because the attacker is able to masquerade as a legitimate user.

Parameter tampering

Whenever a web application is used, parameters are exchanged between the browser and the server. These parameters are stored in cookies and URL query strings. The attacker can change the values of these fields without the user’s knowledge.

The risk of exploitation of the parameters depends on the type of parameter changed. Using secure programming methods helps to prevent exploitation of the parameters. It also ensures that only the expected data is accepted by the web application.

Another method of preventing parameter tampering is blocklisting. Whitelisting allows requests only if they match pre-defined criteria.

Parameter manipulation vulnerabilities can affect cookies and URL query strings. These vulnerabilities can also lead to information extraction from databases.